Interpreting is the art of providing a spoken (verbal) translation of a written or spoken text for the benefit of someone else. Interpreting can be either simultaneous or consecutive. Simultaneous interpreters work in a soundproof booth with at least one colleague. As the speaker gives their speech in the source language, the interpreter receives the sound through a headset and renders the message in the target language into a microphone almost simultaneously. Audience members select the relevant channel to hear the interpretation in the language of their choice. In consecutive interpreting, the interpreter makes notes throughout the course of a speech. They then repeat the content in the target language once the speaker has finished, or at set pauses throughout.

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