The job of an interpreter is to provide interpretations – in other words, spoken (verbal) translations – of written or spoken text in one language to people who speak another. In conference situations, interpreters nearly always interpret from a source language into their native language. In other settings, the interpreter is expected to be able to interpret in “two directions,” i.e. English into German and vice versa. Interpreters work for private corporations, for the police force, for governmental and political institutions and in the educational field. Interpreters can interpret simultaneously or consecutively. The latter involves making notes and delivering a spoken translation of the source text after the speaker has finished talking. Simultaneous interpreters listen to the speech via headphones, while at the same time speaking their translation of what is being said into a microphone to be broadcast to the audience.

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